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Understanding the core concept of CGPA  - Pakistan Grading System

Understanding the core concept of CGPA - Pakistan Grading System

Effa Iqbal
Apr 1, 2023

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    Understanding the core concept of CGPA - Pakistan Grading System


    Because of its flexibility and accuracy in grading a student’s academic achievement, the CGPA (Cumulative Grade Point Average) system is gaining favor in Pakistan. It is critical for Pakistani students to comprehend the fundamental ideas of CGPA in order to navigate their academic path and attain their objectives. In this article, we will look at the basic elements of CGPA and how they apply to Pakistani students.


    What is CGPA?

    Cumulative Grade Point Average is abbreviated as CGPA. It is a method of assessing a student’s academic success based on the grades earned in all courses completed over a given time period. Each course in the CGPA system is awarded a specified amount of credit hours dependent on its length and relevance. Each course is then awarded a grade, which is turned into a specific number using a preset grading scale.

    RECOMMENDED READ: How To Convert CGPA Into Percentage – A Guide For Pakistani Students

    Benefits of CGPA

    The CGPA grading system offers various improvements over the old percentage-based method. For starters, it delivers a more precise and comprehensive picture of a pupil’s academic performance. CGPA evaluates the student’s success in all courses taken throughout a set period, whilst the percentage system primarily focuses on the marks received in a particular test or course.

    Second, the CGPA system allows for course selection freedom. Students can mix and match subjects according to their passions and aptitude. This flexibility allows students to follow their interests while still improving your overall academic experience.

    Finally, the CGPA system encourages students to focus on teaching rather than merely getting good exam scores. The approach encourages students to have a better comprehension of the topic and to seek information beyond the syllabus’s standards.

    Lastly, the CGPA approach makes it possible to compare student performance across disciplines, institutions, and backgrounds. This strategy assures that students are graded based on their real school success, rather than their practice test abilities.

    Pakistan’s grading system is as follows:

    The grading system in Pakistan is based on such a maximum of 4.0 CGPA. The following is the grading scale:


    • A+ grade
    • 4.0 grade point average
    • The percentage is 90-100%.


    • Grade: A Grade Point Average: 3.7
    • The percentage is 85-89%.


    • B+ grade
    • Grade point average: 3.3
    • The percentage is 80-84%.


    • B Grade Points 3.0
    • Percentage: 75-79%


    • The grade is C+.
    • Grade point average: 2.7
    • The percentage is 70-74%.


    • C is the grade.
    • Grade point average: 2.3
    • The percentage is 65-69%.


    • D Grade Point: 2.0
    • Percentage: 60-64%


    • F grade grade point
    • Percentage: Below 60%

    CGPA calculation example:

    Assume a Pakistani student completed three courses in a semester with the grades and credit hours shown below:

    A+ for Course 1.

    3 credit hours

    Course 2: A grade

    Credit Hours: 2

    Rating for Course 3: B+

    4 credit hours

    To compute the CGPA, we must transform each mark into a numerical number using the grading system described above.

    Grade Point Average: 4.0 Credit Hours: 3

    Grade Point Average: 3.7 Credit Hours: 2

    Grade Point Average: 3.3 Credit Hours: 4
    cgpa to percentage

    After that, the numerical values of all courses are added:

    4.0 x 3 + 3.7 x 2 + 3.3 x 4 = 36.4

    The total number of credit hours is three.

    2 + 4 = 9

    Lastly, divide the entire specific value by the entire credit hours to compute the CGPA:

    CGPA = 36.4 / 9 = 4.04

    As a result, the student’s semester CGPA is 4.04, indicating great academic performance.

    Learning the Fundamental Concepts of CGPA for Pakistani Students:

    Pakistani students must first learn the grading system and its conversion to numerical values in order to grasp the essential notion of CGPA. Students must also be aware of the credit hours allotted to each course, which might vary based on the length and significance of the subject matter.

    Additionally, Pakistani students must adopt a methodical strategy to evaluating academic success. This entails keeping track of the grades and credit hours obtained in each course and computing the CGPA on a regular basis. Students should also be aware of the minimal CGPA criteria in order to graduate or to be eligible for specialised programmes or grants.

    Another critical part of CGPA comprehension for Pakistani students is its application in their future employment. When considering job applications or admittance criteria, employers and academic institutions frequently evaluate CGPA. As a result, students must aim to keep up a good CGPA throughout their academic careers in order to improve their employment chances.

    cgpa to percentage


    The CGPA system is a cutting-edge and comprehensive method of assessing a student’s academic achievement. It has various advantages over the standard percentage-based method, including more accuracy, greater flexibility, and a greater emphasis on learning. To effectively traverse their academic journey, Pakistani students must comprehend the essential idea of CGPA, including grading system, credit hours, and calculating technique. A high CGPA can also help people advance in their careers and attain their ambitions. As a result, Pakistani students must embrace its CGPA system and fight for academic achievement.

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    Recent Comments

    Ghulam Qadir

    Awesome explanation

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